Ancestors of Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill
Generation No. 1
1. Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, born 30 Nov 1874 in Blenheim Palace, Oxford, England; died 24 Jan 1965 in London, England. He was the son of 2. Randolph Spencer-Churchill and 3. Jennie Jerome.
Generation No. 2
2. Randolph Spencer-Churchill, born 13 Feb 1849 in Blenheim Palace, Oxford, England; died 24 Jan 1895 in London, England. He married 3.
Jennie Jerome 15 Apr 1874 in British Embassy, Paris, France.
3. Jennie Jerome, born 09 Jan 1854 in Brooklyn, Kings, NY; died 29 Jun 1921 in London, England. She was the daughter of 6. Leonard Walter Jerome and 7. Clarissa Hall.
Child of Randolph Spencer-Churchill and Jennie Jerome is:
1 i. Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, born 30 Nov 1874 in Blenheim Palace, Oxford, England; died 24 Jan 1965 in London, England.
Generation No. 3
6. Leonard Walter Jerome, born 03 Nov 1817 in Pompey, Onondaga, NY; died 03 Mar 1891 in Brighton, Sussex, England. He married 7. Clarissa
Hall 05 Apr 1840 in Palmyra, Wayne, NY.
7. Clarissa Hall, born 16 Jul 1825 in Palmyra, Wayne, NY; died 02 Apr 1895 in Tunbridge Wells, England. She was the daughter of 14. Ambrose Hall and 15. Clarissa Wilcox.
Notes for Leonard Walter Jerome:
New York Times, March 5, 1891
LEONARD W. JEROME DEAD
The End Came Quietly at Brighton Tuesday night
London, March 4 - Mr. Leonard W. Jerome of New York, who was recently remoed from London to Brighton, in the hope that his health, which had been in a precarious state for some time, might be improved, died last night.
Mr. Jerome's wife and daughters were present at his bedside when he passed away.
For over a year Mr. Jerome had been a sufferer from rheumatism and gout. For the purpose of regaining his health he left this city for Europe with his family last October. He spent most of his time at Brighton. At first his health was greatly benefited by the change, but since the beginning of the year he had been failing rapidly. The immediate cause of his death was heart failure caused by his old trouble.
The body will be embalmed and brought to this city. The burial will be at greenwood.
Leonard W. Jerome had been at different times one of the most conspicuous men in this country in finance, as the Treasurer of the Union Defense Committee, and as a turfman. In this city he held a commanding social position for more than thirty years. He was born at Pompey Hill, Onondaga County, NY, in 1818. On his father's side he was of Guguenot and on his mother's of Scotch descent. His father and grandfather were farmers. The latter owned the tract among the Berkshire Hills between Lenox and Stockbridge, Mass., which in the present generation has been turned into a stock farm by Henry W. T. Mall. Mr. Jerome's paternal grandmother was Betsy Ball, a relative of Washington, while his mother was Aurora Murray, a woman of remarkable character, who was known to all "the country side" as "Aunt Rora." He had 8 brothers and one sister. Two of the former, Aaron and Allen, studied theology at Princeton College and became Presbyterian clergymen. Another, Addison G., became, like himself and the wit, bon vivant, and international social favorite, "Larry," an operator in stocks. Only one of the brothers is now alive - Thomas, who is over eighty.
While his brothers Aaron and Allen were at Princeton, Leonard went there also, but did not remain. After a stay of somewhat more than a year, he went to Union College, where he was subsequently graduated with credit. Then he spent three years reading law at Albany with John C. Beach and Marcus T. Ronalds, and was admitted to the bar at the age of twenty-two. Afterward he because associated with his uncle, Judge Jerome of Rochester, in the practice of law. His disposition was, however, too restless to find contentment in the drudgery of the law, and so in a short time he drifted into the more exciting arena of journalism.
[There follows a long description of stock manipulation and accumulation of wealth as a result of it.]
Child of Leonard Jerome and Clarissa Hall is:
3 i. Jennie Jerome, born 09 Jan 1854 in Brooklyn, Kings, NY; died 29 Jun 1921 in London, England; married Randolph Spencer-Churchill 15 Apr 1874 in British Embassy, Paris, France.
Generation No. 4
14. Ambrose Hall, born 29 Aug 1774 in Lanesboro, Berkshire, MA; died 14 Oct 1827 in Palmyra, Wayne, NY. He married 15. Clarissa Wilcox.
15. Clarissa Wilcox, born 10 Sep 1796 in Palmyra, Wayne, NY; died Jul 1827 in Palmyra, Wayne, NY. She was the daughter of 30. David Wilcox and 31. Anna Baker.
Child of Ambrose Hall and Clarissa Wilcox is:
7 i. Clarissa Hall, born 16 Jul 1825 in Palmyra, Wayne, NY; died 02 Apr 1895 in Tunbridge Wells, England; married Leonard Walter Jerome 05 Apr 1840 in Palmyra, Wayne, NY.
Generation No. 5
30. David Wilcox, born 10 Jan 1763 in Dartmouth, Bristol, MA; died 23 Aug 1828 in Wayne County, NY. He was the son of 60. William Wilcox
and 61. Sarah Smith. He married 31. Anna Baker.
31. Anna Baker, born 27 May 1761 in Nova Scotia, Canada.
Child of David Wilcox and Anna Baker is:
15 i. Clarissa Wilcox, born 10 Sep 1796 in Palmyra, Wayne, NY; died Jul 1827 in Palmyra, Wayne, NY; married Ambrose Hall.
Generation No. 6
60. William Wilcox, born 08 Aug 1739 in Dartmouth, Bristol, MA. He was the son of 120. William Wilcox and 121. Dorothy Allen. He
married 61. Sarah Smith.
61. Sarah Smith, born 27 Apr 1741 in Dartmouth, Bristol, MA.
Notes for Sarah Smith:
Sarah's great grandfather was John Smith by his second wife, Ruhamah Kirby. His first wife was Deborah Howland, daughter of Arthur Howland, brother to Henry and John (Mayflower passenger). Sarah was therefore distantly related to her husband.
Child of William Wilcox and Sarah Smith is:
30 i. David Wilcox, born 10 Jan 1763 in Dartmouth, Bristol, MA; died 23 Aug 1828 in Wayne County, NY; married Anna Baker.
Generation No. 7
120. William Wilcox, born 22 Nov 1711 in Dartmouth, Bristol, MA. He married 121. Dorothy Allen 08 Feb 1732/33.
121. Dorothy Allen, died 17821. She was the daughter of 242. Benjamin Allen and 243. Deborah Russell.
Child of William Wilcox and Dorothy Allen is:
60 i. William Wilcox, born 08 Aug 1739 in Dartmouth, Bristol, MA; married Sarah Smith.
Generation No. 8
242. Benjamin Allen2, born 27 Mar 1682; died 1755 in Dartmouth, Bristol, MA3. He married 243. Deborah Russell 24 Jun 17044.
243. Deborah Russell5,6, born 10 Jan 1680/81 in Dartmouth, MA7,8,9. She was the daughter of 486. Jonathan Russell and 487. Hassadyah Smith.
Child of Benjamin Allen and Deborah Russell is:
121 i. Dorothy Allen, died 1782; married William Wilcox 08 Feb 1732/33.
Generation No. 9
486. Jonathan Russell10,11, died 15 Dec 1723 in Dartmouth, MA11. He married 487. Hassadyah Smith 05 Feb 1677/7812.
487. Hassadyah Smith12,13, born 11 Jan 1655/5614. She was the daughter of 974. John Smith and 975. Deborah Howland.
Notes for Jonathan Russell:
III. Jonathan Russell of Dartmouth, son, born (???); married, Feb. 5, 1678, Hassadyah Smith, born Jan. 11, 1656, daughter of Lieutenant John Smith of Dartmouth, by his first wife, Deborah Howland. Children:
1. Jonathan Russell, b. Nov. 13, 1679.
2. Deborah Russell, b. Jan. 10, 1681.
3. Dorothy Russell, b. May 21, 1684.
4. James Russell, b. May 7, 1687; m. Rebecca Howland.
5. William Russell, b. Oct. 28, 1691.
Dwight, Melatiah Everett. The Kirbys of New England. The Trow Print. New York. MDCCCXCVIII.
Notes for Hassadyah Smith:
"Descendants of John Russell," NEHGR article, gives a date of birth of 11 Jan 1649.
Marriage Notes for Jonathan Russell and Hassadyah Smith:
"Descendants of John Russell," NEHGR article, gives a marriage date of 15 Feb 1687 for this marriage.
Child of Jonathan Russell and Hassadyah Smith is:
243 i. Deborah Russell, born 10 Jan 1680/81 in Dartmouth, MA; married Benjamin Allen 24 Jun 1704.
Generation No. 10
974. John Smith15,16, born 161816; died 15 Jan 1691/92 in Dartmouth, MA16. He married 975. Deborah Howland 04 Jan 1647/4817,18.
975. Deborah Howland18. She was the daughter of 1950. Arthur Howland and 1951. Margaret.
Notes for John Smith:
He was at Plymouth as early as 1629, for there is a Plymouth court order, dated Jan. 2, 1633-34, relieving him from his bond to Edward Doty at the expiration of five years of apprenticeship, which indicates that he was bound to Edward Doty when ten or eleven years of age. Nothing, however, has been learned of his parentage. He was known at Plymouth as John Smith, Jr., and as "the boattesman." In May, 1653, he accompanied Captain Thomas Willett in an expedition against the "Dutch at Monhatoes" in a barque of which George Watson was the master. He was admitted freeman June 5, 1651, and he took the oath of fidelity May 4, 1657. The same year, June 3, he is recorded as "Deputy that served at this Court." In 1658 he was fined for absenting himself from public worship, and in 1660 was twice fined for "permitting Quaker meetings at his house." He removed about 1665 to Dartmouth, Mass. In the deed of land at Dartmouth which he received from Edward Doty, dated Oct. 16, 1665, he is said to be "now residing in the town of Dartmouth." He was, in 1772, one of the three surveyors of highways in that town, and the same year was appointed by the Plymouth Court to investigate and settle a difference between John Cook and the town of Dartmouth. He was appointed, March 4, 1673-74, "to be the Lieftenant of the Military company of Dartmouth, and Jacob Mitchell to be ensign bearer of the said company." (See Court Orders, Vol. V., p. 96; also Old Colony Printed Records, Vol. V., p. 138. These were the first military officers that were appointed by the Plymouth Court for the town of Dartmouth. A lieutenant was at that time the highest military officer in the town.) In 1677, together with John Cook and John Russell, he was appointed by the Plymouth Court to distribute the £22 fund donated by "divers Christians in Ireland for the relief of such as are impoverished, distressed and in necessitie by the late Indian war," and the following year the same court authorized him, naming him as "Lieftenant John Smith," together with John Russell and John Cook, "in his Majestie's name to call the town together to make such rates as are requisite." He is one of those mentioned in the town records, Dec. 10, 1684, as having taken the oath of fidelity. He died in Dartmouth, Jan. 15, 1692, in the seventy-fourth year of his age.
Lieutenant John Smith married, first, Jan. 4, 1648-49, Deborah Howland, daughter of Arthur Howland, by whom he had five children, viz., Hassadyah, John, Josiah, Eleazer, and Hezekiah. His wife Deborah died after Oct. 16, 1665.
Dwight, Melatiah Everett. The Kirbys of New England. The Trow Print. New York. MDCCCXCVIII.
Child of John Smith and Deborah Howland is:
487 i. Hassadyah Smith, born 11 Jan 1655/56; married Jonathan Russell 05 Feb 1677/78.
Generation No. 11
1950. Arthur Howland19,20, born Abt. 1587 in Fenstanton, Huntingdonshire, England; died 30 Oct 1675 in Marshfield, Plymouth, MA20. He
was the son of 3900. Henry Howland and 3901. Margaret. He married 1951. Margaret.
1951. Margaret20, died 16 Jun 168320.
Notes for Arthur Howland:
He was an ancestor of Winston Churchill.
The following is from:
Howland, Franklin. A Brief Genealogical History of Arthur, Henry and John Howland and Their Descendants. New Bedford, Mass.: E. Anthony and Sons, 1885.
ARTHUR HOWLAND AND HIS DESCENDANTS.
ARTHUR HOWLAND, probably the eldest of the three brothers, Arthur, Henry and John, the first mentioned in Humphrey's will, doubtless came to New Plymouth with his brother Henry. Just the date of their arrival the writer has been unable, after much and careful research, to ascertain; and this may be said also of the vessel in which they came. Arthur's name appears on the colony records, however, soon after that of his brother Henry. He lived a few years in Plymouth, and then became a landholder and resident of Marshfield, Mass. On the 2d of July, 1638, three hundred acres of upland, in what is now Marshfield, was granted to Capt. Miles Standish and Mr. John Alden, lying on the north side of South River, bounded on the east by Beaver Pond, and on the west by a brook. On the 14th of March, 1645, this tract was sold to Edmund Freeman for £71 10s. Three hundred acres of this parcel afterwards came into the possession of William Partridge, who conveyed it, in 1647, to Arthur Howland for £21 sterling; £13 in money and the balance in "corne and cattle," the ordinary pay of the country.(*This was the first conveyance of land in P. C. R. to Arthur Howland. Vol. 1, p. 245.) Arthur lived and died on this Marshfield estate, and five generations lived and are buried there. In 1640 he was granted fifty acres of land "and some meddow" at the North River.
Arthur was a man of firmness, of uprightness, full of Christian zeal, and though not actively interested in the civil affairs of the colony, was greatly respected for his wealth of character. He accepted at an early day the doctrines and practices of the Society of Friends, and amidst the persecutions of them in the middle of the 17th century, was an earnest, faithful defender of their faith. His house at Marshfield, it appears, was the headquarters of the persecuted Friends, and he courageously "entertayned the forraigne Quakers who were goeing too & frow in some of the townes of the goument, producing great desturbance."
In 1657, the authorities hearing of an intended meeting at Arthur's, Sunday, December 20, conducted by Robert Huchin, one of the "forraigne Quakers," dispatched a constable to break up the meeting and arrest Huchin. Reaching the place, he found that his coming had been heralded in advance, and "hee found noe man att" the house. The next day, "Munday," Dec. 21st, a warrant was issued for the arrest of Arthur and Huchin. The constable, John Phillipes, "coming into the house of the said Arthur Howland, he summoned him to appeer as aforesaid, and, pceiueing the said Quaker [Huchin] to bee there, haueing a warrant to attach him psonally, to appeer before authoritie, required him to goe along with him, whereupon the said Arthur Howland would not suffer him to goe along with him; on which the said Phillipes pulled him to goe alonge with him; and then the said Arthur Howland thrust the said John Phillipes out of his doors; . . . . then the said Phillipes went downe to the mill to gitt more assistance, and when hee came vp againe the said Quaker was gon." Arthur gave himself up, and was brought before the governor's assistants the next day, when he was "centanced to give bonds for his apperance att the Generall Court" the following March. But "hee refusing to give his owne single bond, was comitted to the custidie of the cheife marshall."(*) While in prison he wrote a letter to the General Court held at Plymouth, March 2d, 1658, which to the court, "on the pusing therof, appeered to be full of factiouse, seditious, slanderouse passages, to be of dangerouse consequence." For this offence he "was centansed by the Court to find surties for his good behauior." "For resisting the cunstable at Marshfield, in December, 1657, he was fined the some of fiue pounds;" and for "pmiting of a Quaker's meeting in his house, and for inviting viz such as were vnder goument, children and others, to come to the said meeting, was centanced by the Court to find surties for his good behauior; which in case he should refuse to doe hee is to pay for a fine four pounds." Not paying the fines, he was again committed to jail.(*) His case was called at the court of June 1st, 1658. He acknowledged "that hee hath done euill in sundry pticulars expressed in the said writing, and desired the Court to passe them by, and engageing in the strength of God for the future not to offend in like manor any more, the Court,(+) considering his age and infeirmities . . . . and in hopes yt this psent admonition may bee a meanes of preuensyon of such further euill in him, they have for psent pased it by, with this prouiso, that if hee shall offend in like manor any more, this his offence will come into remembrance to agment the punishment."??
He and his wife were fined ten shillings for absenting themselves from "publicke worship" in 1658. Nothing further is in the civil records of his persecutions, except that he was prosecuted in 1669 for not paying the "rate to the minnestry."§ It is evident that it was his purpose to "fight it out on this line" to the end of his days, if necessary. He was not on the grand jury after 1654.
Arthur's will, which is recorded in Plymouth, reads as follows:
WILL OF ARTHUR HOWLAND.
The last will and testament of Arthur Howland deceased exhibited to the Court holden at Plymouth the fourteenth of March Anno Dom: sixteen hundred seventy-five, and ordered by the said Court to be recorded. In the name of god, amen.
I Arthur Howland of Marshfield in the colony of new Plymouth in New England yeoman; being weak of body but of sound and perfect memory, thanks to almighty gods for the same: knowing the uncertainty of this short life and being desirous to settle that outward estate that the Lord has lent me; I do make this my last will & testament in manner and form following: that is to say, first and principally I commend my soul to almighty God my creator expecting to receive full pardon of all my sinnes and salvation by Jesus Christ my redeemer and my body to the earth: to be buried in desent manner by my executrix hereinafter named as shall bee thought meet & convenient: and as concerning such worldly estate which the Lord has lent me my will and meaning is the same shall be employed and bestowed; as hereafter in and by this my will is expressed.
Imp. I do revoke and renounce all and make void all wills by me formerly made and declare and affirm this to be my last will and testament.
Item. I will that all the debts I justly owe to all manner of persons whatsoever, shall be well and truly paid, or ordained to be paid in convenient time after my decease by my executrix hereafter named, except only the debt thirty shillings which I owe Edward Wanton, which said debt I will that the same be paid by Timothy Williamson in manner and time hereafter expressed.
Item. I give and bequeath unto my son Arthur Howland: his heirs and assigns forever: fifty acres of upland: and alsoe meddow to sufficient to keep six head of cattle: which said land is now in the tenure and occupation of my said son Arthur, and lyeth next to John Moshers land, and Runneth from the boundmark that the jury made: Which the land of mee the said Arthur Howland and the said John Mosher to the Ridge N. E. and S. W.
Item. I give and bequeath unto my grandchild Amadiah Smith the full sum of five pounds to be paid him by the friends executors administrators and assigns of my dear wife Mary Howland immediately after her decease.
Item. I give and bequeath unto the three brothers of the said Amadiah the sum of five pounds to be equally divided among them, and to be payd unto them by the persons appointed administrators or executors of my said wife Immediately after my decease, and should any of the said children die before my said wife; my will is that the five pounds shall be equally divided betwixt the rest of them.
Item. I give and bequeath unto my daughter Mary Williamson, the sum of ten pounds to be payed her by the heires executors administrators or assigns of my said wife Immediately after her decease.
Item. I give and bequeath unto my daughter Martha Damon the sum of ten pounds to be payed her by the heires executors administrators or assigns of my said wife Immediately after her decease.
Item. I give and bequeath unto my daughter Elizabeth Low the sum of ten pounds to be payed her by the heires executors administrators or assigns of my said wife Immediately after her decease.
Item. I give and bequeath unto my grandchild Mary Walker, the sum of ten pounds to be payed her by the heires executors administrators or assigns of my said wife Immediately after her decease.
Item. I give and bequeath unto my grandchild Timothy Williamson his heires and assigns forever after my said wifes decease a piece of meddow in the township of Marshfield above said, containing five acres, that lyeth between a certain creek that runs out of the river there and a great rock that stands in the grass, hee paying unto Edward Wanton his executors or assigns for the term of three years; the next after he comes to enjoy the said meddow the sum of ten shillings.
Item. I give and bequeath the full remainder of Real and personal estate whatever it is or wherever it may be found unto my dear and noble souled wife Mary Howland; and to her executors adminstrators and assigns forever: And doe hereby constitute and appoint my said wife sole executrix of this my last will and testament in witness thereof I the said Arthur Howland have here unto sett my hand and seal the third day of July in the year of our Lord one thousand six hundred seventy and four.
Anno, Regni, Regus, Secundiment Langlea 26.
ARTHUR HOWLAND Senor.
And a [seal.]
Signed sealed and published by Arthur
Howland as his last will and Testament
in the presence of us.
[The witnesses' names are not plain.]
And was att time of the ensealing acknowledged
Mem. That before signing this will by the testator hee Revoked the bequeath of five acres of meddow, alsoe of meddow intended to have been given to his grandchild Timothy Williamson.
INVENTORY OF ARTHUR'S ESTATE.
A true inventory of all the goods and chattels of Arthur Howland deceased at Marshfield 11th of December 1675 by Anthony Snow and Josiah Crane
Exhibited to the Court held at Plymouth the 7th of Mar. 1675 on the oath of Mary Howland widow as followeth Item. Iron and other woodenware 00 01 00
Item. a barrell with other lumber 00 10 00
Wee find alsoe that the said Arthur Howland was possessed of house and lands and meddow, but wee know not how much and therefore have made no appraisement thereof.
the mark ?? of JOSIAH CRANE.
ARTHUR married Widow Margaret Reed. She had a daughter Lydia Reed, who married John Walker, a member of the Society of Friends, who lived near the Howlands. Arthur was buried at Marshfield 30, 10, 1675, and his wife Margaret was buried there 22, 6, 1683. Children:
2. i. ARTHUR, m. Elizabeth, dau. of Gov. Thomas Prince, of Plymouth.
ii. DEBORAH, m. 4, 1, 1648, John Smith, Jr., of Plymouth.
iii. MARY, m. first, 6, 6, 1653, Timothy Williamson; and second, 22, 1,
1679, Robert Sanford.
iv. MARTHA, m. 15, 1, 1659, John Damon, of Scituate.
v. ELIZABETH, m. John Low.
Notes for Margaret:
Margaret was Mrs. Margaret Reed, widow.
Child of Arthur Howland and Margaret is:
975 i. Deborah Howland, married John Smith 04 Jan 1647/48.
Generation No. 12
3900. Henry Howland21. He married 3901. Margaret.
Children of Henry Howland and Margaret are:
1950 i. Arthur Howland, born Abt. 1587 in Fenstanton, Huntingdonshire, England; died 30 Oct 1675 in Marshfield, Plymouth, MA; married Margaret.
ii. John Howland21, born Abt. 1599 in Fenstanton, Huntingdon, England21; died Feb 1692/93; married Elizabeth Tilley; born 30 Aug 1607 in Henlow, Huntindonshire, England21; died 21 Dec 1687 in Swansea, Bristol, MA21.
Notes for John Howland:
Source: Caleb Johnson: MayflowerHistory.com
John Howland was born about 1599, probably in Fenstanton, Huntington. He came on the Mayflower in 1620 as a manservant for Governor John Carver. During the Mayflower's voyage, Howland fell overboard during a storm, and was almost lost at sea--but luckily for his millions of descendants living today (including Presidents George Bush and George W. Bush, and Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt) he managed to grab ahold of the topsail halyards, giving the crew enough time to rescue him with a boathook.
It has been traditionally reported that John Howland was born about 1592, based on his reported age at death in the Plymouth Church Records. However, ages at death were often overstated, and that is clearly the case here. John Howland came as a servant for John Carver, which means he was under 25 years old at the time (i.e. he was born after 1595). William Bradford, in the falling-overboard incident, refers to Howland as a "lusty young man", a term that would not likely have applied to a 28-year old given that Bradford himself was only 30--Bradford did call 21-year old John Alden a "young man" though. Howland's wife Elizabeth was born in 1607: a 32-year old marrying a 17-year old is an unlikely circumstance. Howland's last child was born in 1649: a 57-year old Howland would be an unlikely father. All these taken together demonstrate that Howland's age was likely overstated by at least 5 years. Since he signed the Mayflower Compact, we can assume he was probably about 21 in 1620, so the best estimate for his birth would be about 1599.
John Howland had several brothers who also came to New England, namely Henry Howland (an ancestor to both Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford) and Arthur Howland (an ancestor to Winston Churchill).
Will of John Howland
29 May 1672
The Last Will and Testament of mr John howland of Plymouth late Deceased, exhibited to the Court held att Plymouth the fift Day of March Anno Dom 1672 on the oathes of mr Samuell ffuller and mr William Crow as followeth
Know all men to whom these prsents shall Come That I John howland senir of the Towne of New Plymouth in the Collonie of New Plymouth in New England in America, this twenty ninth Day of May one thousand six hundred seaventy and two being of whole mind, and in Good and prfect memory and Remembrance praised be God; being now Grown aged; haveing many Infeirmities of body upon mee; and not Knowing how soon God will call mee out of this world, Doe make and ordaine these prsents to be my Testament Containing herein my last Will in manor and forme following;
Imp I Will and bequeath my body to the Dust and my soule to God that Gave it in hopes of a Joyfull Resurrection unto Glory; and as Concerning my temporall estate, I Dispose thereof as followeth;
Item I Doe give and bequeath unto John howland my eldest sonne besides what lands I have alreddy given him, all my Right and Interest To that one hundred acres of land graunted mee by the Court lying on the eastern side of Tauton River; between Teticutt and Taunton bounds and all the appurtenances and privilidges Therunto belonging, T belonge to him and his heirs and assignes for ever; and if that Tract should faile, then to have all my Right title and Interest by and in that Last Court graunt to mee in any other place, To belonge to him his heires and assignes for ever;
Item I give and bequeath unto my son Jabez howland all those my upland and Meadow That I now posesse at Satuckett and Pamet, and places adjacent, with all the appurtenances and privilidges, belonging therunto, and all my right title and Interest therin, To belonge to him his heires and assignes for ever,
Item I Give and bequeath unto my son Jabez howland all that my one peece of land that I have lying on the southsyde of the Mill brooke, in the Towne of Plymouth aforsaid; be it more or lesse; and is on the Northsyde of a feild that is now Gyles Rickards senir To belonge to the said Jabez his heirs and assignes for ever;
Item I give and bequeath unto Isacke howland my youngest sonne all those my uplands and meddows Devided and undivided with all the appurtenances and priviliges unto them belonging, lying and being in the Towne of Middlebery, and in a tract of Land Called the Majors Purchase near Namassakett Ponds; which I have bought and purchased of William White of Marshfeild in the Collonie of New Plymouth; which may or shall appeer by any Deed or writinges Together with the aformentioned prticulares To belonge to the said Isacke his heirs and assignes for ever;
Item I give and bequeath unto my said son Isacke howland the one halfe of my twelve acree lott of Meddow That I now have att Winnatucsett River within the Towne of Plymouth aforsaid To belonge to him and said Isacke howland his heires and assignes for ever;
Item I Will and bequeath unto my Deare and loveing wife Elizabeth howland the use and benifitt of my now Dwelling house in Rockey nooke in the Township of Plymouth aforsaid, with the outhousing lands, That is uplands uplands [sic] and meddow lands and all appurtenances and privilidges therunto belonging in the Towne of Plymouth and all other Lands housing and meddowes that I have in the said Towne of Plymouth excepting what meddow and upland I have before given To my sonnes Jabez and Isacke howland During her naturall life to Injoy make use of and Improve for her benifitt and Comfort;
Item I give and bequeath unto my son Joseph howland after the Decease of my loveing wife Elizabeth howland my aforsaid Dwelling house att Rockey nooke together with all the outhousing uplands and Medowes appurtenances and privilidges belonging therunto; and all other housing uplands and meddowes appurtenances and privilidges That I have within the aforsaid Towne of New Plymouth excepting what lands and meadowes I have before Given To my two sonnes Jabez and Isacke; To belong to him the said Joseph howland To him and his heires and assignes for ever;
Item I give and bequeath unto my Daughter Desire Gorum twenty shillings
Item I give and bequeath To my Daughter hope Chipman twenty shillings
Item I give and bequeath unto my Daughter Elizabeth Dickenson twenty shillings
Item I give and bequeath unto my Daughter Lydia Browne twenty shillings
Item I give & bequeath to my Daughter hannah Bosworth twenty shillings
Item I give and bequeath unto my Daughter Ruth Cushman twenty shillings
Item I give to my Grandchild Elizabeth howland The Daughter of my son John howland twenty shillings
Item my will is That these legacyes Given to my Daughters, be payed by my exequitrix in such species as shee thinketh meet;
Item I will and bequeath unto my loveing wife Elizabeth howland, my Debts and legacyes being first payed my whole estate: vis: lands houses goods Chattles; or any thing else that belongeth or appertaineth unto mee, undisposed of be it either in Plymouth Duxburrow or Middlbery or any other place whatsoever; I Doe freely and absolutly give and bequeath it all to my Deare and loveing wife Elizabeth howland whom I Doe by these prsents, make ordaine and Constitute to be the sole exequitrix of this my Last will and Testament to see the same truely and faithfully prformed according to the tenour therof; In witness whereof I the said John howland senir have heerunto sett my hand and seale the aforsaid twenty ninth Day of May, one thousand six hundred seaventy and two 1672
Signed and sealed in the
prsence of Samuel ffuller John Howland
William Crow And a seale
The following is from:
Robert Charles Anderson. The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633, vols. 1-3. Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995.
ORIGIN: Fenstanton, Huntingdonshire
MIGRATION: 1620 on Mayflower
FIRST RESIDENCE: Plymouth
FREEMAN: In the "1633" list of Plymouth freemen John Howland is near the head of the list, among the councillors [PCR 1:3]. In the 6 March 1636/7 list of Plymouth Colony freemen [PCR 1:52]. In the Plymouth section of the 1639, 1658 and 29 May 1670 lists of Plymouth Colony freemen [PCR 5:274, 8:173, 197].
EDUCATION: His inventory included "1 great Bible and Annotations on the 5 Books of Moses" valued at ú1 and "Mr. Tindall's Works, Mr. Wilson's Works, 7 more books" valued at ú1.
OFFICES: Plymouth Colony Assistant, 1 January 1632/3, 1 January 1633/4, 1 January 1634/5 [PCR 1:5, 21, 32]. Deputy for Plymouth to General Court, 1 June 1641, 28 October 1645, 1 June 1647, 7 June 1648, 8 June 1649, 4 June 1650, 5 June 1651, 3 June 1652, 7 June 1653, 7 March 1653/4, 6 June 1654, 1 August 1654, 8 June 1655, 3 June 1656, 1 June 1658, 4 June 1661, 1 June 1663, 1 June 1666, 5 June 1667 [PCR 2:16, 94, 117, 123, 144, 154, 167, 3:8, 31, 44, 49, 63, 79, 99, 135, 214, 4:37, 122, 148].
In charge of the fur trading post at Kennebec, 1634 [MD 2:10-11]. Committe on the fur trade, 3 October 1659 [PCR 3:170]. In the Plymouth section of the 1643 Plymouth Colony list of men able to bear arms (as "John Howland Sen.") [PCR 8:187].
ESTATE: In the 1623 Plymouth division of land John Howland received four acres as a passenger on the Mayflower [PCR 12:4]. In the 1627 Plymouth division of cattle John Howland, his wife Elizabeth Howland, John Howland Junior and Desire Howland were the first four persons in the fourth company [PCR 12:10].
In the Plymouth tax list of 25 March 1633 John Howland was assessed 18s., and in the list of 27 March 1634 ú1 4s. [PCR 1:9, 27]. John Howland was a Purchaser [PCR 2:177].
On 4 December 1637 "forty acres of land are granted to Mr. John Howland, lying at the Island Creeke Pond at the western end thereof, with the marsh ground that he useth to mow there" [PCR 1:70]. On 5 November 1638 the "island called Spectacle, lying upon Green's Harbor, is granted to Mr. John Howland" [PCR 1:102, 110, 168]. Granted six acres of meadow "at the North Meadow by Jones River" [PCR 2:49].
In his will, dated 29 May 1672 and proved 6 March 1672/3, "John Howland Seni[o]r of the town of New Plymouth ... being now grown aged, having many infirmities of body upon me," bequeathed to "John Howland my eldest son besides what lands I have already given him, all my right and interest to that one hundred acres of land granted me by the court lying on the eastern side of Taunton River"; to "my son Jabez Howland all those my upland and meadow that I now possess at Satuckett and Paomett"; to "my son Jabez Howland all that my one piece of land that I have lying on the southside of the mill brook"; to "Isaac Howland my youngest son all those my uplands and meadows ... in the town of Middlebery and in a tract of land called the Major's Purchase near Namassakett Ponds which I have bought and purchased of William White of Marshfield"; to "my said son Isacke Howland the one half of my twelve acre lot of meadow that I now have at Winnatucsett River"; to "my dear and loving wife Elizabeth Howland the use and benefit of my now dwelling house in Rockey Nooke in the township of Plymouth ... with the outhousing lands ... uplands and meadow lands ... in the town of Plymouth ... excepting what meadow and upland I have before given to my sons Jabez and Isacke Howland during her natural life"; to "my son Joseph Howland after the decease of my loving wife Elizabeth Howland my aforesaid dwelling house at Rockey Nooke"; to "my daughter Desire Gorum 20s."; to "my daughter Hope Chipman 20s."; to "my daughter Elizabeth Dickenson 20s."; to "my daughter Lydia Browne 20s."; to "my daughter Hannah Bosworth 20s."; to "my daughter Ruth Cushman 20s."; to "my grandchild Elizabeth Howland the daughter of my son John Howland 20s."; "these legacies given to my daughters [to] be paid by my executrix"; to "my loving wife Elizabeth Howland my debts and legacies being first paid, my whole estate," she to be executrix [MD 2:70-73, citing PCPR 3:1:49-50].
The inventory of "Mr. John Howland lately deceased" was taken 3 March 1672/3 and totalled ú157 8s. 8d. [MD 2:73-77, citing PCPR 3:1:51-54]. After the inventory, the appraisers noted that "the testator died possessed of these several parcels of land following:" "his dwelling house with the outhousing, uplands and meadow belonging thereunto lying at Rockey Nooke in the town of New Plymouth," "a parcel of meadow at Jones River meadow," "the one half of a house and a parcel of meadow and upland belonging thereunto lying and being at Colchester in the aforesaid township," "a parcel of meadow and upland belonging thereunto lying near Jones River bridge in the town of Duxburrow," "one house and 2 shares of a tract of land and meadow that lyeth in the town of Middleberry that was purchased by Captain Thomas Southworth of and from the Indian Sachem Josias Wampatucke," and "2 shares of a tract of land called the Major's Purchase lying near Namassakett ponds" [MD 2:77, citing PCPR 3:1:54]. (See also PCR 5:108, 110, 127.)
In her will, dated 17 December 1686 and proved 10 January 1687/8, "Elizabeth Howland of Swanzey ... being seventy nine years of age" bequeathed to "my eldest son John Howland the sum of ú5 ... and my book called Mr. Tindale's Works and also one pair of sheets & one pair of pillowbeers and one pair of bedblankets"; to "my son Joseph Howland my stilliards and also one pair of sheets and one pair of pillowbeers"; to "my son Jabez Howland my featherbed & bolster that is in his custody & also one rug & two blankets that belongeth to the said bed & also my great iron pot & pothooks"; to "my son Isaack Howland my book called Willson on the Romanes & one pair of sheets & one pair of pillowbeers & also my great brass kettle already in his possession"; to "my son-in-law Mr. James Browne my great Bible"; to "my daughter Lidia Browne my best featherbed & boulster two pillows & three blankets & a green rug & my small cupboard one pair of andirons & my lesser brass kettle & my small Bible & my book of Mr. Robbinson's Works called Observations Divine & Moral & also my finest pair of sheets & my holland pillowbeers"; to "my daughter Elisabeth Dickenson one pair of sheets & one pair of pillowbeers & one chest"; to "my daughter Hannah Bosworth one pair of sheets & one pair of pillowbeers"; to "my granddaughter Elizabeth Bursley one pair of sheets and one pair of pillowbeers"; to "my grandson Nathanael Howland (the son of Joseph Howland) ... my lot of land with the meadow thereto adjoining ... in the township of Duxbury near Jones River Bridge"; to "my grandson James Browne one iron bar and one iron trammell now in his possession"; to "my grandson Jabez Browne one chest"; to "my granddaughter Dorothy Browne my best chest & my warming pan"; to "my granddaughter Desire Cushman four sheep"; "my wearing clothes linen and woollen" and the residue to "my three daughters Elisabeth Dickenson, Lidia Browne and Hannah Bosworth to be equally divided amongst them"; "my loving son-in-law James Browne and my loving son Jabez Howland" executors [MD 3:54-57, citing BrPR 1:13-14].
BIRTH: Say 1592, son of Henry and Margaret (_____) Howland of Fenstanton.
DEATH: Plymouth 23 February 1672/3 "above eighty years" [PCR 8:34].
MARRIAGE: Plymouth by about 1624 Elizabeth Tilley, baptized Henlow, Bedfordshire, 30 August 1607, daughter of JOHN TILLEY. She died at Swansea 22 December 1687, aged eighty [SwVR 27].
i DESIRE, b. say 1624; m. by 1644 John Gorham (eldest child b. Plymouth 2 April 1644 [MD 5:72]).
ii JOHN, b. Plymouth 24 April 1627; m. Plymouth 26 October 1651 Mary Lee [PCR 8:13].
iii HOPE, b. Plymouth 30 August 1629; m. by about 1646 John Chipman.
iv ELIZABETH, b. say 1631; m. (1) Plymouth 13 September 1649 Ephraim Hicks [PCR 8:8]; m. (2) Plymouth 10 July 1651 John Dickerson [PCR 8:13].
v LYDIA, b. say 1633; m. by about 1655 James Brown.
vi HANNAH, b. say 1637; m. Swansea 6 July 1661 Jonathan Bosworth [SwVR 23].
vii JOSEPH, b. say 1640; m. Plymouth 7 December 1664 Elizabeth Southworth [PCR 8:25], daughter of THOMAS SOUTHWORTH.
viii JABEZ, b. about 1644 (deposed on 19 July 1680 aged 36 years [SJC #1915]); m. by 1669 Bethiah Thatcher, daughter of Anthony Thatcher (eldest child b. Plymouth 15 November 1669 [PVR 668; NYGBR 42:154-57]).
ix RUTH, b. say 1646; m. Plymouth 17 November 1664 Thomas Cushman [PCR 8:25], son of Thomas Cushman.
x ISAAC, b. Plymouth 15 November 1649; m. by 1677 Elizabeth Vaughn, daughter of George Vaughn [TAG 23:24-26].
ASSOCIATIONS: Brother of HENRY HOWLAND and Arthur Howland.
COMMENTS: In his list of passengers on the Mayflower Bradford tells us that John Howland was one of the "manservants" of JOHN
CARVER [Bradford 441]. During a particularly bad storm on the crossing John Howland (characterized by Bradford as "a lusty young man") went
above deck and was swept overboard, but
it pleased God that he caught hold of the topsail halyards which hung overboard and ran out at length. Yet he held his hold (though he was sundry fathoms under water) till he was hauled up by the same rope to the brim of the water, and then with a boat hook and other means got into the ship again and his life saved. And though he was something ill with it, yet he lived many years after and became a profitable member both in church & commonwealth [Bradford 59].
In his 1651 accounting on the family of John Carver, Bradford reported that "[h]is servant John Howland married the daughter of John Tilley, Elizabeth, and they are both now living, and their eldest daughter hath four children; and their second daughter one, all living, and other of their children marriageable" [Bradford 444].
In an undated deposition we learn that in April 1634 John Hocking came to Kennebec and challenged the rights of the Plymouth men to their exclusive trade in that place. Mr. John Howland, in charge of the trading post, went out in their bark with several other men and warned Hocking off, but was taunted and defied. Howland "bid three of his men go cut his cable [Hocking's anchor]," but the flow of the stream was too strong and Howland called them back and added Moses Talbot to the crew. Hocking, seeing that their intent was to cut the cable, "presently put his peice almost to Moyses Talbott's head, which Mr. Howland seeing called to him desiring him not to shoot his man but take himself for his mark saying his men did but that which he commanded them and therefore desired him not to hurt any of them, if any wrong was done it was himself that did it and therefore called again to him to take him for his mark saying he stood very fair, but Hocking would not hear nor look towards our bark, but presently shooteth Moyses in the head, and presently took up his pistol in his hand but the Lord stayed him from doing any further hurt by a shot from our bark himself was presently struck dead being shot near the same place in the head where he had murderously shot Moyses" [MD 2:10-11].
BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: Because of the multitude of descendants of John Howland, through all ten of his children, the publication of the first five generations of descent from John Howland will occupy many volumes. Elizabeth Pearson White has prepared the first two volumes in this series: John Howland of the Mayflower: Volume 1, The First Five Generations, Documented Descendants Through his first child Desire Howland and her husband Captain John Gorham (Camden, Maine, 1990) and John Howland of the Mayflower: Volume 2, The First Five Generations, Documented Descendants Through his second child John Howland and his wife Mary Lee (Camden, Maine, 1993).
In her first volume White argued that John Howland lived for several years in Maine, and that three of his children were born there. Robert S. Wakefield has gathered the evidence that this could not have been the case [MD 42:15-16].
Notes for Elizabeth Tilley:
Source: Source: Caleb Johnson: MayflowerHistory.com
Elizabeth Tilley was born in 1607 in Henlow, Bedfordshire, the daughter of John and Joan (Hurst)(Rogers) Tilley. She came with her parents on the Mayflower in 1620. Both her parents died the first winter at Plymouth, leaving her orphaned at the age of 13 in the New World. She married to Mayflower passenger John Howland around 1625 at Plymouth.
Will of Elizabeth (Tilley) Howland
17 December 1686
In ye Name of God Amen I Elizabeth Howland of Swanzey in ye County of Bristoll in ye Collony of Plymouth in New Engld being Seventy nine yeares of Age but of good & perfect memory thanks be to Allmighty God & calling to Remembrance ye uncertain Estate of this transitory Life & that all fflesh must Yeild unto Death when it shall please God to call Doe make constitute & ordaine & Declare This my last Will & Testament, in manner & forme following Revoking and Anulling by these prsents all & every Testamt & Testamts Will & Wills heretofore by me made & declared either by Word or Writing And this to be taken only for my last Will & Testament & none other. And first being penitent & sorry from ye bottom of my heart for all my sinns past most humbly desiring forgivenesse for ye same I give & Committ my soule unto Allmighty God my Savior & redeemer in whome & by ye meritts of Jesus Christ I trust & believe assuredly to be saved & to have full remission & forgivenesse of all my sins & that my Soule wt my Body at the generall Day of Resurrection shall rise againe wt Joy & through ye meritts of Christs Death & passion possesse & inheritt ye Kingdome of heaven prepared for his Elect & Chosen & my Body to be buryed in such place where it shall please my Executrs hereafter named to appoint And now for ye settling my temporall Estate & such goodes Chattells & Debts as it hath pleased God far above my Deserts to bestow upon me I Do Dispose order & give ye same in manner & forme following (That is to say) First that after my funerall Expences & Debts paid wc I owe either of right or in Conscience to any manner of person or persons whatsoever in Convenient tyme after my Decease by my Execrs hereafter named I Give & bequeath unto my Eldest Son John Howland ye sum of five pounds to be paid out of my Estate & my Booke called Mr Tindale's Workes & also one pair of sheetes & one pr of pillowbeeres & one pr of Bedblanketts, Item I give unto my son Joseph Howland my Stillyards & also one pr of sheetes & one pr of pillobeeres Item I give unto my son Jabez Howland my ffetherbed & boulster yt is in his Custody & also one Rugg & two Blanketts yt belongeth to ye said Bed & also my great Iron pott & potthookes Item I give unto my son Isaack Howland my Booke called Willson on ye Romanes & one pr of sheetes & one paire of pillowbeeres & also my great Brasse Kettle already in his possession Item I give unto my Son in Law Mr James Browne my great Bible Item I give & bequeath unto my Daughter Lidia Browne my best ffeatherbed & Boulster two pillowes & three Blanketts & a green Rugg & my small Cupboard one pr of AndyIrons & my lesser brasse Kettle & my small Bible & my booke of mr Robbinsons Workes called Observations Divine & Morrall & allso my finest pr of Sheetes & my holland pillowbeeres, Item I give unto my Daughter Elisabeth Dickenson one pr of Sheetes & one pr of pillowbeeres & one Chest Item I give unto my Daughter Hannah Bosworth one pr of sheets & one pr of pillowbeeres, Item I give unto my Grand Daughter Elizabeth Bursley one paire of sheets and one paire of Pillowbeeres Item I give & bequeath unto my Grandson Nathaniel Howland (the son of Joseph Howland) and to the heires of his owne Body lawfully begotten for ever all that my Lott of Land with ye Meadow thereunto adjoyning & belonging lying in the Township of Duxbury neare Jones River bridge, Item I give unto my Grandson James Browne One Iron barr and on Iron Trammell now in his possession, Item I give unto my Grandson Jabez Browne one Chest Item I give unto my Grand Daughter Dorothy Browne my best Chest & my Warming pan Item I give unto my Grand Daughter Desire Cushman four Sheep, Item I give & bequeath my wearing clothes linnen and Woollen and all the rest of my Estate in mony Debts linnen or of what kind or nature or sort soever it may be unto my three Daughters Elisabeth Dickenson, Lidia Browne and Hannah Bosworth to be equally Devided amongst them, Item I make constitute and ordaine my loving Son in Law James Browne and my loving son Jabez Howland Executors of this my last Will and Testament, Item it is my Will & Charge to all my Children that they walke in ye Feare of ye Lord, and in Love and peace towards each other and endeavour the true performance of this my last Will & Testament In Witnesse whereof I the said Elizabeth Howland have hereunto sett my hand & seale this seventeenth Day of December Anno Dm one thousand six hundred Eighty & six.
The mark of Elisabeth E H Howland
Signed Sealed & Delivd
in ye prsence of us Wittnesses
iii. Henry Howland21,22, born Abt. 1603 in Fenstanton, Huntingdonshire, England22; died 01 Jan 1670/71 in Duxbury, MA22; married Mary; died 16 Jun 1664 in Duxbury, MA22.
Notes for Henry Howland:
He was an ancestor to Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford.
The following is from
Robert Charles Anderson. The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633, vols. 1-3. Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995.
ORIGIN: Fenstanton, Huntingdonshire
FIRST RESIDENCE: Plymouth
REMOVES: Duxbury 1636
FREEMAN: In the "1633" list of Plymouth freemen Henry Howland appears immediately before those admitted on 1 January 1632/3 [PCR 1:4]. In the 6 March 1636/7 list of Plymouth Colony freemen [PCR 1:52]. In the Duxbury section of the 1639 and 1658 lists of Plymouth freemen (with his name erased from the 1658 list) [PCR 8:174, 198]. (See COMMENTS for disenfranchisement in 1659.)
EDUCATION: He signed his will. His inventory included "books" valued at 10s.
OFFICES: Grand jury, 7 June 1645, 4 June 1650, 2 October 1650, 7 June 1653, 3 June 1657 (refused to serve) [PCR 2:84, 155, 162-63, 3:32, 115]. Petit jury, 7 March 1636, 2 October 1637, 2 January 1637/8, 4 June 1639, 3 September 1639, 7 July 1646, 6-7 June 1649, 29 October 1649, 10 June 1650, 7 October 1651, 4 June 1652, 5 March 1655/6, 5 October 1656 [PCR 2:140, 160, 7:5, 7, 12, 13, 42, 46, 56, 60, 77, 81].
Duxbury highway surveyor, 3 June 1656, 3 June 1668 [PCR 3:100, 4:181].
ESTATE: In the Plymouth tax list of 25 March 1633 assessed 9s., and in the list of 27 March 1634 18s. [PCR 1:11, 28].
On 27 July 1640 William Renolds acknowledged the sale to Henry Howland of Duxbury of five acres of upland in Duxbury and one acre of marsh meadow lying at the east end thereof, with all rights [PCR 12:60-61]. On 6 June 1650 Henry Howland granted to Experience Mitchell and his heirs access to a spring on the border of his property [MD 1:97-98, citing PCLR 2:1:9].
In his will, dated 28 November 1670 and proved 8 March 1670/1, Henry Howland bequeathed "all my housing both dwelling house and barn, with all my lands both upland and meadow ... within the township of Duxburrow ... unto my son Joseph Howland only during my wife's life she shall have and enjoy the new room to herself for her own use"; to "my son Joseph Howland four oxen and two heifers and one horse with all the tackling ... also a bed with things belonging thereunto, as also my fowling piece"; "my son Joseph Howland out of the forementioned houses and lands and cattle shall pay or cause to be paid unto my son Zoeth Howland ú20 ... as also 12d. apiece to all his brothers and sisters and their children now surviving"; to "my daughter Sarah two heifers and two steers and one mare now running at Ponaganset, as also one bed and bedding thereunto belonging"; to "my son John one musket"; to "my daughter Elizabeth one cow"; "my old mare now running at Ponagansett unto my son Samuell Howland"; to "my son Joseph Howland two acres of meadowland ... at ... Gurnett's Nose marsh"; to "my daughter Mary 10s."; to "my daughter Abigaill 10s. to be paid by my son Joseph who is to sell a barrel of cider and to pay it out of that"; to "my two sons John and Samuell each of them a barrel of cider"; to "my loving wife Mary Howland" residue [MD 19:32-33, citing PCPR 3:1:26].
The inventory of Henry Howland of Duxbury was taken 14 January 1670/1 and totalled ú141 4s., with no real estate included [MD 19:33, citing PCPR 3:1:27].
In her will, dated 8 May 1674 and proved first 26 April 1674 and second 8 April 1675, Mary Howland "sometimes the wife of Hennery Howland now deceased" bequeathed to "my daughter Abigaill Young" ú1; to "my son Zoeth Howland" ú1; to "my son John Howland my house at Ponagansett"; to "my daughter Mary Cudworth" ú1; to "my son Samuel Howland" ú1; to "my daughter Sarah Denis" ú1; to "my daughter Elizabeth Allin" ú1; and to "my son Joseph Howland" the residue [PCPR 3:2:10].
BIRTH: Probably Fenstanton, Huntingdonshire, by about 1603 (based on estimated date of marriage), son of Henry Howland [TAG 14:214-15].
DEATH: Duxbury 1 January 1670/1 [NGSQ 75:113, endnote 3].
MARRIAGE: By about 1628 Mary _____ (assuming that she was the mother of all his children). "Mary Howland who had been the wife of Hennery" died at Duxbury 16 June 1674. (The claim that Mary was a Newland is unsupported [NGSQ 75:105].)
i ABIGAIL, b. say 1628; m. Plymouth 13 December 1648 John Young [PCR 8:5].
ii ZOETH, b. say 1631; m. by 1657 Abigail _____ (eldest child b. 5 October 1657 [RIVR 7:64]). (The marriage date is published as "Dec. 1656," with the bride's surname not given [RIVR 7:21]; this may be a marriage record created by calculation, and the original should be examined.)
iii SAMUEL, b. about 1638 (described as "near 70 years old" in 8 July 1707 [NGSQ 75:112, citing Bristol County Court of General Sessions 1702-1714:121]); m. by about 1673 Mary Sampson, daughter of Abraham Sampson (eldest child b. about 1673 [NGSQ 75:112]) [TAG 15:165-67].
iv JOHN, b. say 1641; m. Duxbury 29 January 1684/5 Mary Walker; d. Freetown before 8 August 1687 ([BrPR 1:2]). (His wife was apparently dead, as administration was granted to his brother Samuel; his inventory included ú3 10s. in "women's apparel".)
v MARY, b. say 1643; m. by 1665 James Cudworth (eldest child b. Scituate 3 June 1665 [NGSQ 75:110, citing records of Pembroke Monthly Meeting).
vi SARAH, b. about 1645 (d. Portsmouth 2 October 1712, aged about sixty-seven years [NGSQ 75:216]); m. Portsmouth, Rhode Island, 19 November 1672 Robert Dennis [NGSQ 75:216].
vii ELIZABETH, b. say 1647; m. by about 1669 Jedidiah Allen (eldest child b. 30 August 1669 or 1670 [NGSQ 75:111, citing Sandwich Monthly Meeting]).
viii JOSEPH, b. say 1649 (evidently not a minor when his father wrote his will); m. Hampton 4 May 1683 Rebecca Hussey [NGSQ 75:217, citing Salem Monthly Meeting 3:1].
ASSOCIATIONS: Brother of JOHN HOWLAND and Arthur Howland.
COMMENTS: On 22 December 1657 Henry Howland, for entertaining Quaker meetings at his house, was summoned to appear at the next court [PCR 3:126]. On 2 March 1657/8 he was fined 10s. for entertaining a meeting at his house contrary to the order of the court [PCR 3:129].
On 7 June 1659 "Henry Howland of Duxburrow" as a Quaker "or manifest encourager of such" is on a list to lose freemanship and is ordered to appear in August to be convicted and censured [PCR 3:167]. At court 6 October 1659 Henry Howland was disenfranchised for being an "abettor and entertainer of Quakers" [PCR 3:176].
On 1 May 1660 he was accused of entertaining another man's wife in his house after complaint was made to him by the husband, and for permitting a Quaker meeting in his house, and for entertaining a foreign Quaker contrary to the order of the court. The first charge he "stiffly denied" but he was convicted of the other two and fined [PCR 3:186]. He was twice fined on 2 October 1660 for entertaining Quaker meetings [PCR 3:201].
We differ slightly from Wakefield and Sherman [NGSQ 75:107] in the birth sequence and estimate of birth dates for the children of Henry Howland. The assumption has been made that all the sons were of age when the father made his will, but this makes some of them older than the norm when they marry. Even this arrangement leaves an apparent gap of about seven years between the first two children (Abigail and Zoeth) and the remaining six. These first two children may well have been born in England, and there is the possibility that they were by an earlier wife and not by Mary.
BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: The parentage and parish of origin of the three Howland brothers was reported in 1938 by Clarence A. Torrey [TAG 14:214-15]. A definitive article on what is known to date about Henry Howland was published in 1987 by Robert S. Wakefield and Robert M. Sherman [NGSQ 75:105-16, 216-225].
1. "The New York Genealogical & Biographical Record," New York: New York Genealogical & Biographical Society, 1870-.
2. New England Historic Genealogical Society, "The New England Historical and Genealogical Register," 1904, vol. 58, page 365. "The Descendants of John Russell".
3. "The New York Genealogical & Biographical Record," New York: New York Genealogical & Biographical Society, 1870-.
4. New England Historic Genealogical Society, "The New England Historical and Genealogical Register," 1904, vol. 58, page 365. "The Descendants of John Russell".
5. Dwight, Melatiah Everett, The Kirbys of New England, (The Trow Print. New York. MDCCCXCVIII.).
6. New England Historic Genealogical Society, "The New England Historical and Genealogical Register," 1904, vol. 58, page 365. "The Descendants of John Russell".
7. Dwight, Melatiah Everett, The Kirbys of New England, (The Trow Print. New York. MDCCCXCVIII.).
8. New England Historic Genealogical Society, "The New England Historical and Genealogical Register," 1881, Vol 35, page 32.
9. New England Historic Genealogical Society, "The New England Historical and Genealogical Register," 1904, vol. 58, page 365. "The Descendants of John Russell".
10. Dwight, Melatiah Everett, The Kirbys of New England, (The Trow Print. New York. MDCCCXCVIII.).
11. New England Historic Genealogical Society, "The New England Historical and Genealogical Register," 1904, vol. 58, page 365. "The Descendants of John Russell".
12. Dwight, Melatiah Everett, The Kirbys of New England, (The Trow Print. New York. MDCCCXCVIII.).
13. New England Historic Genealogical Society, "The New England Historical and Genealogical Register," 1904, vol. 58, page 365. "The Descendants of John Russell".
14. Dwight, Melatiah Everett, The Kirbys of New England, (The Trow Print. New York. MDCCCXCVIII.).
15. Franklin Howland, A Brief Genealogical History of Arthur, Henry and John Howland and Their Descendants, (New Bedford, Mass.: E. Anthony and Sons, 1885.).
16. Dwight, Melatiah Everett, The Kirbys of New England, (The Trow Print. New York. MDCCCXCVIII.).
17. George Norbury MacKenzie, editor, Colonial Families of the United States of America, (Baltimore: 1912).
18. Franklin Howland, A Brief Genealogical History of Arthur, Henry and John Howland and Their Descendants, (New Bedford, Mass.: E. Anthony and Sons, 1885.).
19. Caleb Johnson, MayflowerHistory.com.
20. George Norbury MacKenzie, editor, Colonial Families of the United States of America, (Baltimore: 1912).
21. Caleb Johnson, MayflowerHistory.com.
22. Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, (New England Historical Genealogical Society, 1995, 2000).